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যক্ষ্মা (টিউবারকুলোসিস) নিয়ে প্রচলিত ভুল ধারণা ও সঠিক তথ্য

Myth 1: Tuberculosis is a disease of the past and is no longer a problem.
Fact: Tuberculosis is still a serious global health problem, with millions of people affected every year.

Myth 2: Tuberculosis only affects the lungs.
Fact: While tuberculosis primarily affects the lungs, it can also affect other parts of the body, such as the kidneys, spine, and brain.

Myth 3: Tuberculosis is highly contagious.
Fact: Tuberculosis is contagious, but it requires prolonged and close contact with an infected person for transmission to occur.

Myth 4: Tuberculosis is only found in developing countries.
Fact: Tuberculosis is found worldwide, and is more prevalent in developing countries due to factors such as poverty and limited access to healthcare.

Myth 5: Tuberculosis only affects older people.
Fact: Tuberculosis can affect people of all ages, including children.

Myth 6: If you have tuberculosis, you will always have symptoms.
Fact: Many people with tuberculosis have no symptoms, and may not even know they have the disease.

Myth 7: Tuberculosis can be cured by taking antibiotics for a few days.
Fact: Treatment for tuberculosis typically involves taking multiple antibiotics for six to nine months.

Myth 8: Tuberculosis is always fatal.
Fact: While tuberculosis can be a serious and potentially fatal disease, with proper treatment, most people recover fully.

Myth 9: Tuberculosis is caused by poor hygiene.
Fact: Tuberculosis is caused by a bacterial infection and is not related to hygiene.

Myth 10: Tuberculosis is only transmitted through coughing.
Fact: Tuberculosis can also be transmitted through sneezing, talking, or singing.

Myth 11: Tuberculosis cannot be prevented.
Fact: Tuberculosis can be prevented through vaccination, proper infection control measures, and early detection and treatment of active cases.

Myth 12: Tuberculosis only affects people with HIV/AIDS.
Fact: While people with HIV/AIDS are more vulnerable to tuberculosis, anyone can be infected with the disease.

Myth 13: Tuberculosis can be spread through sharing food or utensils.
Fact: Tuberculosis is not spread through sharing food or utensils.

Myth 14: Tuberculosis is only a problem in crowded or unsanitary conditions.
Fact: While overcrowding and poor sanitation can increase the risk of tuberculosis transmission, anyone can get infected with the disease.

Myth 15: Tuberculosis cannot be diagnosed with a simple test.
Fact: Tuberculosis can be diagnosed with a simple skin test or blood test.

Myth 16: Tuberculosis treatment is expensive and inaccessible.
Fact: Tuberculosis treatment is often available for free or at a low cost, and many organizations provide assistance to people who cannot afford treatment.

Myth 17: Tuberculosis cannot be treated during pregnancy.
Fact: Tuberculosis can be treated during pregnancy, but treatment must be carefully managed to ensure the safety of both the mother and the baby.

Myth 18: If you have been vaccinated for tuberculosis, you cannot get the disease.
Fact: While the tuberculosis vaccine can reduce the risk of getting the disease, it is not 100% effective.

Myth 19: You only need to take antibiotics for a few weeks to treat tuberculosis.
Fact: Treatment for tuberculosis typically involves taking multiple antibiotics for six to nine months.

Myth 20: Tuberculosis is not a serious health problem.
Fact: Tuberculosis is a serious health problem that can lead to long-term health complications and even death if left untreated.

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