Urine analysis, Urine Routine Examination

Urine routine examination (also known as a urinalysis or a urine test) is a diagnostic test that is performed to assess the health of the urinary system. It is a common test that is used to detect abnormalities or changes in the urine that may indicate the presence of an underlying condition.

Why is urine routine examination important?

The urine routine examination is an essential test that can help identify a range of health conditions such as urinary tract infections, kidney disease, liver disease, diabetes, and pregnancy-related complications. Early detection of these conditions can improve treatment outcomes and prevent the progression of the disease.

What does urine routine examination test for?

A urine routine examination tests for the following parameters:

  • Physical examination – this includes the color, clarity, and odor of the urine.
  • Chemical examination – this includes the presence of glucose, protein, blood, bilirubin, ketones, and other substances in the urine.
  • Microscopic examination – this involves the examination of urine under a microscope to detect the presence of bacteria, red blood cells, white blood cells, and other abnormalities.

What is the procedure for urine routine examination?

The procedure for urine routine examination involves collecting a urine sample and sending it to a laboratory for analysis. The sample should be collected mid-stream to avoid contamination. It is important to follow the instructions given by the healthcare provider for collecting the urine sample to ensure accurate results.

What are the normal values for urine routine examination?

The normal values for urine routine examination are as follows:

Parameter Normal Value
Color Pale yellow to amber
Clarity Clear
Odor Slightly aromatic
pH 4.5 to 8.0
Specific gravity 1.005 to 1.030
Glucose Negative
Protein Negative to trace
Ketones Negative
Bilirubin Negative
Urobilinogen 0.2 to 1.0 mg/dL
Blood Negative
Red blood cells 0 to 2 per high power field
White blood cells 0 to 5 per high power field
Bacteria Negative

Frequently asked questions

Q: Is there anything I need to do to prepare for a urine routine examination?

A: There is no special preparation required for this test. However, it is recommended to avoid certain foods and medications that can affect the results of the test.

Q: Can a urine routine examination detect pregnancy?

A: Yes, a urine routine examination can detect pregnancy by measuring the levels of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in the urine.

Q: How often should I get a urine routine examination?

A: The frequency of urine routine examinations depends on the individual’s health status and the healthcare provider’s recommendations. Generally, it is recommended to get this test done once a year as a part of routine health checkups.


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